How are studies completed?

The instruction belongs to the following themes

By selecting a degree programme you are able to see the general content as well as the possible degree programme-specific content. You do not have to select a degree programme to see the Open University's instructions.

At the University of Helsinki, students plan their studies independently. There are many ways to complete studies, and the possible ways of completing each course are listed on the course pages. The most common modes of completion are described here.

NB! The instruction is being completed.

Participating in teaching

A common way of completing a course is to participate in teaching and complete a final examination at the end of the lecture course. Lecture courses can comprise mass lectures for a large amount of students or work in small groups.


In some degree programmes some of the studies are completed independently. Instead of lectures, examination questions can be based on required reading, in which case the mode of completion is a book examination. In such cases, students must study the set literature independently and register for the examination to demonstrate their command of the subject.

Examinations can also be taken in digital format, e.g., in the Moodle learning environment or as an Examinarium examination in an electronic exam room.

Other ways of completing studies

Other common ways of completing study units include essays, seminars and assignments.

An essay is a piece of writing drafted on a set topic and based on relevant literature. You must begin to learn the conventions of academic writing from the very beginning of your studies.

At seminars, students practice research work, using source material, academic writing as well as academic debate and argumentation in a supervised setting. Each seminar participant will prepare and present an individual seminar assignment.

Some studies involve practical assignments to teach students to apply their skills. Such assignments may involve laboratory work, for example.